Info & Education

 

What you need to know about flooring:   


Carpet:

Know Your Carpet*

*The following provided by Beaulieu with permission.

Today's carpets are available in a wide range of fiber types, textures, patterns, weights, densities and backings. Discuss your carpet needs and expectations with us. In particular, it is very important that you know the performance characteristics of each carpet construction and each fiber, including their own inherent stain resistance properties and/or the stain resistance properties of additional after-treatments that are added to help protect your carpet against stains and soils.

Learn more about the specific benefits of carpet:

Benefits


Provides warmth and comfort  

Carpet provides actual thermal resistance, or R-value. In colder climates or seasons, it retains warm air longer, an energy conservation benefit. Carpet also provides a comfortable place to sit, play or work and gives a room an overall warmer feeling.

Adds beauty and style  You can choose from many thousands of carpet styles and colors. That means your ultimate choice will reflect how you want to personalize your living space. Carpet can be a neutral foundation, or it can be a focal point with vibrant colors and stronger bolder patterns and textures

Reduces Noise

Big screen TVs, speaker phones, computers and modern sound systems make our homes noisy places. Carpet helps absorb these sounds. Adding a cushion pad beneath your carpet reduces noise even further. Carpet also works as a sound barrier between floors by helping to block sound transmission to rooms below. And carpet on stairs helps mask the sound of constant foot traffic.

Wears Well

Carpet will maintain its life and beauty for many years when properly cleaned and maintained. Learn to keep your carpet looking great over time by following these simple steps:

  1. Preventative Maintenance - Protect your investment before problems occur.

  2. Vacuuming - keep carpet clean through regular vacuuming, the single most effective way to keep carpets clean.

  3. Professional Cleaning - have carpets cleaned professionally, a periodic must.

  4. Spot and Stain Removal - Remember to use CRI Seal of Approval products


Cleans Air

Although we might not normally associate carpet with improved indoor air quality, it does have a very positive effect. Gravity causes common household particles, such as dust, pollen and pet and insect dander, to fall to the floor. Carpet fibers trap the particles, reducing their continued circulation in the air. Proper cleaning with CRI-approved vacuums effectively removes dust and allergens from the carpet, locks them in the machine and helps keep them out of the air we breathe.

A misperception is that people with asthma and allergies should avoid carpet in the home. But much of today's carpet is made from harmless materials found in clothing and other everyday fabrics, such as polyester, nylon and olefin fibers, which don't trouble most people.

Softens slips and falls

Carpet is ideal for cushioning our footsteps, reducing slips and falls and minimizing injuries when falls do occur. Carpet provides safety protection for the whole family, but especially for toddlers and older individuals.

Selecting Carpet


Facts on fiber

The type of fiber used and the way the carpet is constructed determine how well the carpet will stand up to spills, pets and daily traffic. The better the fiber and the denser it is packed, the better the carpet will perform. Approximately 97 percent of all carpet uses synthetic fibers designed to feature style, easy maintenance and outstanding value. There are five basic types of carpet pile fibers.

Nylon: Nylon is the most popular and represents two-thirds of the pile fibers used in the United States. Nylon fibers are wear-resistant, resilient and provide brilliant color. Nylon fibers withstand the weight and movement of furniture and are generally good for all traffic areas. Nylon is also a great choice for the home because it resists soils and stains.

Olefin (polypropylene): Olefin fibers are strong, resist wear and permanent stains and are easily cleaned. These fibers are colorfast. Olefin resists static electricity and is often used in both indoor and outdoor installations because of its resistance to moisture and mildew. Olefin is used in synthetic turf for sports surfaces and in the home for patios and game rooms. Many Berbers are made of olefin.

Polyester: Polyester is noted for luxurious, soft "hand" when used in thick, cut-pile textures. It has excellent color clarity and retention, cleans easily and is inherently stain resistant.

Wool: Wool is noted for its luxury and performance. It is soft, has high bulk and is available in many colors and patterns. Generally, wool is somewhat more expensive than synthetic fibers.

Construction - Types of carpet

Understanding a few simple basics about carpet will help you make the right choices for your lifestyle and budget.


Cut pile: Still one of today's most popular constructions, cut pile achieves its durability through the type of fiber used, density of tufts and the amount of twist in the yarn. Highly twisted yarn will hold its shape longer, making it a smart choice for high-traffic areas.

  1. Textured Plush - Most decoratively versatile. Textured surfaces help hide footprints and vacuum marks. Add causal beauty to any room. Preferred style for busy households. A great "whole-house" carpet.

  2. Saxony - Refined surface. Works will with traditional interiors. Ideal for living and dining rooms.

  3. Frieze - Forms a "curly" textured surface because yarns are extremely twisted. Has an informal look. Helps minimize footprints and vacuum marks.

  4. Plush (Velvet) - Has a dense luxurious feel. Shows footprints and vacuum marks easily. Best for low traffic areas and formal rooms.

Level loop pile: Here loops are the same height, creating an informal look. This style generally lasts a long time in high-traffic areas. Many of today's popular Berber styles are level loop styles with flecks of a darker color on a lighter background. This is a good choice for contemporary to cottage furnishings.

Multi-level loop pile: This style usually has two to three different loop heights to create pattern effects, providing good durability and a more casual look.

Cut-loop pile: This carpet style combines cut and looped yarns. It provides variety of surface textures, including sculptured effects of squares, chevrons and swirls. The multicolor effects hide soil and stains.

Color - A rainbow of choices

Because it covers so much living space, carpet is the foundation of your room's decor. It can be a neutral color, blending in with fabrics and other surfaces, or it can be a vibrant focal point of the room, making a statement that reflects your style.

Carpet comes in almost every color you can imagine and is a personal choice. You will want to select a color that unites your decorative elements and creates the atmosphere you desire. Ever-popular beige carpet can make a room look spacious, but for a bolder statement, look for a common color in your furniture and draperies. Choose a carpet with a similar hue. Environmental colors, like blues, deep greens, rosy quartz and stony neutrals are becoming increasingly popular.

Warm colors can turn up the heat in a room that lacks light, while cool greens and blues have a calming effect. Lighter colors make the room seem larger; darker colors provide coziness. There are also practical considerations in color selection. New stain and soil resistant technology makes today's lighter color carpet much easier to clean, allowing for more decorating options. Medium and darker colors, tweeds and textures are good at hiding soil in your home's high-traffic areas.

Also, know that the color of your carpet will look different under different lighting conditions. Make sure to take your samples home and look at them by daylight and by lamplight.

Performance:

Understanding fiber and construction

The type of fiber used and the way the carpet is constructed determines the basic performance of the carpet. Quality can be enhanced by the way the fibers, or yarns, are twisted and heat set and by the density of the tufts. Deep pile height that's densely tufted has a luxurious feel; however, pile height is really a matter of personal choice and does not, in itself, denote durability. Rating scales have been developed to help in carpet selection.

When it comes to durability, there is little difference between bulked continuous filament (BCF) or staple (spun) fibers. When carpet is manufactured with staple fiber, there will be initial shedding of shorter fibers. It will soon stop, depending on the amount of foot traffic and frequency of vacuuming. Wool is a naturally staple fiber; nylon and polyester can be staple or continuous filament; and olefin (polypropylene) is usually BCF.

Cushion - Provides warmth and buffers noise

A firm and resilient carpet cushion is necessary to form a good foundation for your carpet, increasing its comfort and extending its life by acting as a shock absorber when someone walks on the carpet. The cushion, or pad, helps buffer sound and provides increased insulation, making a room quieter and warmer.

When selecting cushion, check the carpet manufacturer's requirements for thickness and density. Improper selection of carpet cushion can negatively affect carpet appearance, cause wrinkling and buckling, cause separation of the carpet seams and can cause a breakdown of the carpet structure itself. Improper cushion selection also may void any applicable carpet manufacturer's warranties. A general rule of thumb for most residential carpet applications is to choose cushion no more than 7/16" thick and no less than 1/4" with 6 pounds per cubic feet density. If the carpet is a Berber or a low profile carpet, choose a cushion no more than 3/8" thick with 8 pounds density.

Carpet cushion is made primarily from polyurethane foam, fiber or rubber and is available in a variety of styles and constructions to fit your needs. The type and thickness of cushion you need varies according to traffic levels and patterns. For example, bedrooms, dens, lounge areas and other rooms with light or moderate traffic can use thicker and softer cushion, while living rooms, family rooms, hallways, stairs and other heavy traffic areas require thinner, firmer cushion.

Match the cushion to the carpet

Residential cut pile, cut- loop, or high-level loop carpet requires a resilient, firm cushion with a thickness of 7/16" and no less than 1/4" with 6 pounds per cubic feet density. Types of cushion may be various polyurethane foams, including the very common bonded foam product often referred to as "rebond", fiber, or rubber.

Berber carpet or thinner loop or cut pile carpet is made with large, wide loops, and it has been found that a stable, low-flexing, cushion foundation is necessary. A thicker, softer cushion is not acceptable. Cushion thickness should not exceed 3/8" for these type products. Again, check with the carpet manufacturer to see if a specific cushion is required.

Cleaning and Maintenance Information *

*Check warranty as some manufacturers have different requirements and some things may void your warranty*

Click to learn more:

  1. Walk Off Mats

  2. Vacuum Cleaning

  3. Spot Cleaning

  4. Interim Care

  5. Deep Restorative Cleaning Requirements




Hardwood:

Benefits of Hardwood Floors:

  1. 1.Longevity/Durability

  2. 2.Coziness and Warmth

  3. 3.Hypoallergenic

  4. 4.Easy to Clean/Maintain

  5. 5.Increase Home Value

  6. 6.fits easily into any décor

  7. 7.cost-effective return on investment

  8. 8.choices in hardwood flooring are tremendous


How To Care For Solid Hardwood Floors  *


*Check warranty as some manufacturers have different requirements and some things may void your warranty*

We recommend and sell:

Bona Floor Care Systems

Repair And Cleaning Tips

BY THE HARDWOOD MANUFACTURERS ASSOCIATION

 

Living with Natural Hardwood Floors

 

Solid hardwood floors repay a little care with a lifetime of value. When you first glimpse a solid hardwood floor, you sense richness, warmth and natural beauty. Gradually, you get to know its distinct personality -- visual harmonies, the traces of history in the forest and in your home.

Take a closer look.

Appreciate the color and pattern of the floor’s strips, planks or parquetry.

Read the grain: Is it bold-textured oak? Subdued maple or cherry?

Check the condition of the underlying wood and the finish that protects it. Are there signs of neglect to erase (it’s not difficult), or do you see a well-tended surface that needs just a light touch to maintain it?

Nature’s diversity lets you create dramatic looks with unique textures, colors, patterns and styles of solid hardwood flooring.

Protect Your Solid Investment

 

Solid hardwood floors are among the easiest to keep clean. Protect their warmth and character with simple, everyday cleaning techniques.

It’s important to know how to prevent damage to your solid hardwood floors.

Prevention

DIRT and GRIT : Dirt, grit and sand are your hardwood floor’s worst enemies.

They act like sandpaper on the finish, causing scratches, dents and dulling. Place floor mats at entrances to trap dirt and prevent damage.

WATER AND OTHER SPILLS : Standing water can warp a poorly finished hardwood floor and can damage the finish. Simply wipe up all spills as they happen.

HARD CLEANERS : Avoid oil soaps. They can build up and create problems when it’s time to put a maintenance coat on the floor. Instead, neutral pH cleaners made specifically for wood floors are recommended.

FURNITURE : Lift the furniture to move it --- avoid dragging. Felt contacts under the legs will help prevent scratches.

DENTS : Vacuum with a brush attachment -- don’t use vacuums with beater bars.

SUN : Direct sun can discolor your hardwood floor. Close curtains and blinds or add sheer drapes to protect from the sun’s intense UV rays.


Regular Care


SWEEP : Brooms with fine, exploded ends trap dust and grit effectively.

 

VACUUM : Canister vacuums with special bare floor attachments are the surest way to get rid of all the dirt and dust.

 

DUST MOP : Use a good dust mop --- one with a 12- to 18- inch cotton head ---- and a special dust mop treatment. Spray the treatment onto the mop head 12 to 24 hours before dust mopping.

 

When Your Hardwood Floor Needs Extra Care

Your hardwood floor will eventually need extra care. It's here that much controversy exists.

Damp Mopping

Some professionals recommend that you damp mop your hardwood floor and others cringe at the suggestion. Just remember, if your floor's finish is in good shape and mopping is done correctly, the water won't penetrate even the oil and wax finishes. You're cleaning the finish, not the wood, so don't use water if the finish is in poor shape.

Damp Mopping: This is the fastest and best way to deep-clean solid hardwood floors. Depending on how much use your floor gets, you may have to mop it as often as once a week. Use a neutral pH wood cleaner and water, or manufacturer recommended products. Wet the mop and wring so it's about half-dry. Wet the floor with the mop. Dip the mop into clean water, wring it as dry as you can and mop over the floor again.

 

Heavy-Duty Mopping: If floors are property sealed, the little extra water and cleaner required will not injure your hardwood floor, but use common sense.

 

Vinegar: Often prescribed to clean hardwood floors -- does nothing for removing grease and soil.


Maintenance Coat

If you can't restore your solid hardwood floor's luster with deep cleaning or by simply buffing, you may want to apply a maintenance coat. Waxing is an easy way to restore your hardwood floor's natural beauty.

Though a controversial treatment for surface finishes, floor polish or wax can give you a good-looking floor in a matter of minutes. If you don't want to apply a wax to your surface finish, consult a professional.

Pros: Wax can be easily cleaned, buffed and rewaxed to make it look like its original condition. Wear and tear will be on the wax, not the finish. It is easily stripped and reapplied.

Cons: Waxing may limit some refinishing and re-coating options down the road. If not properly stripped, the wax can cause adhesion problems when re-coating the surface.


Only wax a surface finish if the original finish is in poor shape and you don't plan to refinish your floor in the near future.


Removing Stains In Waxed Floors

No matter how careful you are a stain can still occur.

Water Stains: Rub the spot with No. 2 steel wood and rewax. For more serious water stains, lightly sand with fine sandpaper, clean the spot with No. 1 or 00 steel wool and mineral spirits or floor cleaner then refinish and wax.

Cigarette Burns: If not severe, the burn can be removed by rubbing with steel wool moistened with soap and water.

Heel and Caster Marks: Rub vigorously with fine steel wool and floor cleaner. Wipe dry and polish.

Ink Stains and Other Dark Spots: Use No. 2 steel wool and floor cleaner to clean the spot and surrounding area. Thoroughly wash the affected area. If the spot remains, sand with fine sandpaper, re-wax and polish. Stubborn stains may require that you replace the affected area.

Chewing Gum and Wax Deposits: Ice until the deposit is brittle and crumbles off. Pour floor cleaner around the stain so the fluid soaks under and loosens it.

Alcohol Spots: Rub the spot with liquid or paste wax.

Repairing Wax Finishes: Rub fine steel wood in a puddle of reconditioner or paint thinner and clean as you go. Apply wax and buff.

Always start cleaning at the edge of a stain and work toward the center so it won't spread.

Removing stains and repairing surface finishes.

Use steel wood or sand paper to remove one or two complete layers of finish along the entire length of the board where damage has occurred. Remove all dust. Apply the same type of finish that was removed, being careful not to build additional layers on top of adjoining boards.

Squeaks: When the air in your home becomes extremely dry, your floor will lose moisture and contract. Conversely, when humidity is high, your floor will absorb moisture and expand slightly. As humidity stabilizes, hardwoods regain their original dimensions. Air conditioning in summer and humidifying in winter will keep your home's humidity comfortable for you and your floor. Prolonged cycles of shrinking and swelling of your hardwood floor may result in squeaks. They can be easily corrected.

Silencing Squeaks: Apply liquid wax, powdered soap, talcum powder or powdered graphite between floor boards that are rubbing together. If that doesn't stop the squeak, drive two-inch finishing nails through pilot holes on both edges of the board then hide the hole with matching color putty or wax.

If you need to refinish or replace your hardwood floor, call us!

The Author:

The Hardwood Manufacturers Association


Laminate:

Benefits of Laminate Flooring:


  1. 1. Economical

  2. 2. Durable

  3. 3. Ease of Installation

  4. 4. High UV resistance

  5. 5. Excellent warranty protection

  6. 6. Easy repairs, since damaged planks can be replaced  without contrasting with the pattern of surrounding  boards.

  7. 7. Easy cleaning

  8. 8. Endless design options

  9. 9. Offers appearance of real hardwood floors

  10. 10. Stain, fade, and moisture resistant

  11. 11.“Green” ; environmentally friendly


Laminate Floor Care: *

We recommend and sell:

Bona Floor Care Systems

*Check warranty as some manufacturers have different requirements and some things may void your warranty*

The most important detail in buying flooring is to get educated about what product will best meet your needs.

Read the information below about carpeting, hardwoods, and laminate.

Our Company Mission statement is to provide:

“Quality products at reasonable prices from knowledgeable people.”